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Abstract / Резюме:
This research is a follow-up to the earlier study by Bossaert and Demmke on the public-service ethics of the EU member states carried out in March 2004. Commissioned by the Ministry of Finance and the Finnish Presidency, its key objective is to capture the changes that have occurred since the introduction of the Ethics Framework,which was proposed by the Dutch Presidency and adopted by the Directors General responsible for the Public Administration in November 2004. To achieve the research objectives, a questionnaire was sent to the 25 EU member states, the European Commission and two candidate countries, Bulgaria and Romania. The survey was addressed to the state representatives working in the EUPAN’s Human Resources Working Group. The results of the survey apply quite well to the state central administration but are less applicable to the regional and local administration. Most of the member states have introduced value declarations or codes of conduct. The general core values identifi ed in the Ethics Framework were well refl ected in the offi cial documents of the member states and relatively well in their administrative practices. Promoting ethics and integrity through HRM policies on leadership seemed to be quite common. This is particularly important since the leader sets the standards for the whole organisation with his/her own example. As the data reflects, most countries used a specifi c component in the training programmes for managers to promote high ethical standards. Also, the personnel training addressed ethical issues but these policies were more often conducted at the agency-level. The present survey also explored the extent to which unethical practices existed in the member states and how countries fought corruption and other unethical behaviour. Besides commonly used measures, legal sanctions and disciplinary actions, a number of countries had a special body to deal with ethic-violation situations and six countries had appointed a confidential integrity counsellor.The main future issues and priorities concerning public service ethics as reported by the member states seem to be very divergent. However, some common tendencies can be pointed out. First, there is a considerable amount of activity among the member states to introduce codes of conduct. Second, several countries are working to improve training on ethical values and standards. Third, many countries are taking measures to fight against corruption. Fourth, several actions have been taken to strengthen the various bodies responsible for public service ethics. Fifth, new issues such as whistle-blowing, post-employment restrictions and regulations concerning lobbyism have not been amply addressed yet and only few member states seem to have focused on them.

Keywords / Ключови думи:
ethics, corruption, index for measurement ,ethical standarts, unethical practices, ethical values. Code of ethical behavior, ethics and integrity

  Document Link / Документ: http://www.vm.fi/vm/en/04_publications_and_documents/01_publications/06_state_employers_office/Comparative_Study_on_the_Public_Service_Ethics_of_the_EU_Member_States.pdf

  E-mail: www.mv.fi/publications/government